Adventures in tinderbox 2


If you stumbled into this post first you may want to have a look over this previous post as we are building upon steps covered there.

So far we have got our world binaries built and these are the foundation of the environments we setup for testing our port builds. From here we create a tinderbox build. Within tinderbox a build refers to a combination of world binaries (the tinderbox jails we setup before) and a version of the ports files. It is probably a rare case but it would appear that you could setup a build using say netbsd pkgsrc system or similar, the most likely alternative to the official ports system would be an internal development branch of the ports source.

The first step is to setup the ports files to be used. A cvs checkout is shown in the docs and you could adjust the svn usage from yesterday if you have your own local svn repo (official ports are still in cvs at this point). The examples in the docs show a source checkout that is unique to your tinderbox setup. I think using the system installed ports will be enough for what I want and will bypass the confusion of three copies of the ports files. Personally I use portsnap to update my system ports tree and create or update a port there to test and develop it. Then I have a copy within my home folder that is an svn checkout from my redports account that I transfer changes to that I want to keep, and commit as desired from there. While my personal folder is just the ports I make changes to, I don't want a third copy just for test builds, so what I will use here is a user defined update method that will run portsnap anytime I want to update the ports tree. We have two options here, 1. create a portsTree with no update method leaving us to run portsnap manually as desired. 2. create a portsTree with a user update method. The first option is straight forward and acceptable for most but I want to look at option 2 here.

Reading the docs you may jump straight in and use a command like cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createPortsTree -p FreeBSD -u USER -m /usr/ports and get errors and no ports tree setup. The docs don't help here so I went digging through the scripts and found the answer. When you create a portstree with a user defined update method it looks for the update script when it is first setup. The solution is simple. If we are creating a portstree called FreeBSD then we create a file in tinderbox/portstrees/FreeBSD and call it update.sh and for this example I want it to run portsnap so I use the following contents - #!/bin/sh portsnap fetch update Then run the createPortsTree command with the -u USER option. Simple and a good basis of any custom update you want to setup. You could even use this to run portsnap and then merge files from your personal ports repo automatically. This setup script is run with the command ./tc updatePortsTree

You may also want to share your local distfiles with tinderbox. Pretty easy and the one setup is shared across all portstree configs -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc configDistfile -c /usr/ports/distfiles

Now that we have our jails and portsTree setup it is time for the build. Remember a tinderbox build is a combination of a specific jail and portsTree and is straight forward -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang"

The name I used there may raise a few questions but first lets consider what variations of builds we want to use.

The aim of using tinderbox is to test building under a variety of conditions, in this case primarily different system versions. To that end we started by creating 2 jails with different versions of world binaries, you may have extended that number and I encourage you to do so but I use two in these examples. From FreeBSD 9.0 we are moving away from a  dependency on gcc as the main compiler and now include clang within the base system. Being in the early transition of this is a bit awkward as not all ports build with the old gcc v4.2 that is included with base and not all ports build with clang either. Well ports changes need to be tested with each compiler so we may get a full ports build happening on any system install. One option we have is to specify what version of gcc is used to build our port. Easy till we get linking issues with something like boost installed with gcc42 and not linking with a gcc46 built port (that is my early guess and may not be the location of a solution). So anyway I am suggesting that a number of builds are setup to test building with clang as well as gcc. This will only apply to 9.0 and higher, 8.3 has just entered beta1 and doesn't appear to include clang. The other question you may have is that I only put clang in the name, how does it know to build with clang? It doesn't yet - that comes in a minute.

Well using the two jails we built yesterday lets setup the builds -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-gcc -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with gcc" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-clang -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-gcc -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with gcc"

Now we have four builds setup to test our ports in. As I suggested before you should also consider having at least an 8-STABLE jail setup and maybe even a 7-STABLE one as well if not more. As clang is not included in 7 or 8 there is no need to setup two builds for each, I would still use gcc in the build name though.

At this point you will find a few directories have been created. The first you will probably see is tinderbox/{BUILDNAME} so if your following along you will have four there corresponding to each build you setup. The next ones are inside tinderbox/builds and have the same names as the four we just looked at. The dirs inside builds contain a Makefile with all the package  dependencies and although you may think make.0 and make.1 are makefiles they are in fact logs containing the log of the last compile done, each port compile is run in two phases, and a more than likely empty duds file. The top level dirs are where all the work is done. For each port you make, tinderbox will extract the tarball found in the corresponding jail build and mount the various points needed for portstrees/distfiles/devfs/procfs. From that you can work out that each build starts up in a unique environment (it uses chroot) completely isolated for your test make. Each environment is cleaned up after each test make and the log files will include files left behind if you get your pkg-plist incorrect.

Now to configuring the compiler to use. When you first test making your port and look at a log file you may notice that the timestamp at the start is all wrong. That will be a wrong timezone setting and gets us close to the compiler settings. First lets set the timezone, so edit the file tinderbox/scripts/etc/env/GLOBAL and add the following line (adjusted to match your timezone of course)

export TZ=Australia/Adelaide

You can see that it uses a bash style environment setting. Within the same folder we want to create a config file for each build we setup using the name build.{BUILDNAME} and have it contain the CC options that we wish to use. Before you go thinking about copying all your /etc/make.conf settings consider the purpose of this - testing against a minimum system config to ensure your port is as compatible as possible. Those with a custom edited make.conf need to handle their own port build conflicts with the options they want to use. So here all we want to do is set the compiler to use. To make this easy let's make a script, I will put this inside tinderbox/scripts and lets call it gencompilerenvfiles.sh

#!/bin/sh cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts/etc/env for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep clang` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=clang export CXX=clang++ export CPP=clang-cpp CCOPTIONS fi done for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep gcc` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=gcc export CXX=g++ export CPP=cpp CCOPTIONS fi done

Pretty straight forward if you know some shell scripting, if it's a bit beyond what you know it simply gets a list of dirs from within builds and outputs three lines to a corresponding config file for each one. The script won't touch files that already exist, so delete them if you want a clean slate or adjust if you want to add to existing files. The first loop uses grep to get clang named builds the second gcc. Is it overkill specifying gcc for the gcc builds - yep - but it keeps things consistent and also gets the CC setting output to the log file to remove any confusion when looking over them later, or more to the point when you get someone else to look over them for some help.

Now your all setup to use tinderbox to test your ports building. While the docs say you can do an adhoc build with just the tinderbuild command I find that not to be the case, the two command you use are

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc addPort -b 10-CURRENT-clang -d graphics/blender ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b 10-CURRENT-clang graphics/blender

The first time you build a port it may take a while - it will build each  dependency needed, basically running make package-recursive for your port. Next time it will just pkg_add each dependancy and build the port you ask it to. The -nullfs option is needed if you setup the nullfs mount for portstree as shown above (or maybe it is for distfiles?). This adds some more dirs for you as well.

tinderbox/packages/{BUILDNAME} will contain all the packages created by that build. You will find a folder for each category containing links to the corresponding package inside the All dir.

tinderbox/logs/{BUILDNAME} will contain log files of each port compiled for that build.

tinderbox/errors/{BUILDNAME} will contain copies of the log files that had errors - this is probably all your really interested in.

That's about all you need to get up and running with tinderbox. I think I will do one more post covering some housekeeping and other notes. To close off I'll show a script I use to automate running any number of ports inside every build you have configured, I save it in tinderbox/scripts and call it testbuilds.sh

#!/bin/sh ## auto build passed ports for every tinderbox build setup ## works on assumption that /usr/ports is used for tinderbox portstree ## to test that the portname is correct cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts if [ ! $# -gt 0 ] then echo "Usage: ${0##*/} [category/portname ...]" echo "Multiple ports can be listed - space separated list" exit 1 fi for TESTPORT in "$@" do if [ ! -e "/usr/ports/$TESTPORT" ] then echo "********************" echo " /usr/ports/$TESTPORT doesn't exist" echo "********************" else for BNAME in `ls ../builds` do echo "***** Building $TESTPORT" ./tc addPort -b $BNAME -d ${TESTPORT} ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b $BNAME ${TESTPORT} done fi done

So to make use of the script

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./testbuilds.sh graphics/blender graphics/luxrender ports-mgmt/tinderbox

and it will go through and compile each port with every tinderbox build you have setup.


11286 comments

w88fa's picture

Spot on with this write-up, I truly feel this web site needs far
more attention. I'll probably be returning to read through
more, thanks for the info!

ao khoac da's picture

Yes! Finally something about ao da nu.

Rhodes Jobs's picture

Hi friends, pleasant paragraph and nice arguments commented here,
I am in fact enjoying by these.

scere tour's picture

Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4
year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She placed the shell to her
ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

football predictions's picture

You could definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write.
The sector hopes for even more passionate writers
such as you who aren't afraid to mention how
they believe. Always follow your heart.

jeweled scarves's picture

What a stuff of un-ambiguity and preserveness of precious familiarity concerning
unexpected emotions.

responsive web design's picture

I am regular visitor, how are you everybody? This piece of writing posted at
this website is truly fastidious.

Web Design Sri Lanka's picture

Pretty great post. I just stumbled upon your
weblog and wished to say that I've really loved surfing around
your blog posts. After all I'll be subscribing in your rss feed and
I am hoping you write once more very soon!

Regina's picture

Since the admin of this web page is working, no uncertainty very shortly it will be famous, due
to its quality contents.

ΠΟΡΤΕΣ ΑΣΦΑΛΕΙΑΣ ΑΝΤΙΚΑΤΑΣΤΑΣΗ's picture

Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and
in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
Anyway I'll be subscribing to your feeds and even I
achievement you access consistently rapidly.

superacaodubles.com.br's picture

I blog often and I truly appreciate your content. Your article has really
peaked my interest. I am going to bookmark your site and keep checking for new information about once a week.
I opted in for your RSS feed as well.

Guitar lesson london's picture

It's going to be ending of mine day, except before finish I am reading this wonderful
paragraph to increase my experience.

Refrigerator Repair's picture

Hello, i think that i saw you visited my site thus i came to "return the favor".I'm attempting to find things to improve
my web site!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

accounting services singapore's picture

Have you ever thought about publishing an ebook
or guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog based on the same ideas you discuss and would love to
have you share some stories/information. I know my visitors would appreciate your work.
If you're even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

self drive cars in bangalore's picture

I'm really loving the theme/design of your blog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility
problems? A number of my blog readers have complained about my blog not operating correctly
in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any recommendations to help fix this problem?

best sony mirrorless camera review's picture

Thanks very nice blog!

Charleston web design's picture

Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing many
months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any solutions to stop hackers?

Full's picture

Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also
am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are looking to trade methods with other folks, why not shoot me
an e-mail if interested.

online video editors's picture

Appreciate the recommendation. Will try it out.

banesa me qira ne prishtine's picture

This website was... how do you say it? Relevant!!
Finally I have found something which helped banesa me qira ne prishtine.
Thanks!

Indian Run's picture

I'm not sure where you are getting your information,
but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for
this info for my mission.

เช่าเต๊นท์'s picture

Appreciation to my father who stated to me on the topic of this blog, this website is genuinely amazing.

Los angeles escorts's picture

Hello would you mind stating which blog platform you're working with?
I'm going to start my own blog soon but I'm having a difficult
time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and
I'm looking for something completely unique.
P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had
to ask!

purelovekiss.com's picture

Fantastic goods from you, man. I have keep in mind your stuff previous to
and you are simply extremely excellent. I actually
like what you've bought here, really like what you are stating and the best way in which you assert
it. You are making it enjoyable and you still care for
to keep it sensible. I can't wait to learn much more
from you. This is really a tremendous website.

ค็อกเทล's picture

Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

Sharon's picture

It's an remarkable article designed for all the internet users; they will take benefit from it I am sure.

salehoo dropshipping's picture

Hi, I do believe this is a great website.
I stumbledupon it ;) I am going to revisit once again since i have saved as a favorite it.
Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

W88th's picture

You can definitely see your expertise within the work you write.

The sector hopes for even more passionate writers
such as you who aren't afraid to say how they believe.
Always go after your heart.

supernatural stories's picture

It is appropriate time to make a few plans for the future and it's time to be happy.
I've read this publish and if I could I wish to recommend you some attention-grabbing things or
advice. Maybe you can write subsequent articles referring
to this article. I want to learn more issues approximately it!

Charla's picture

Very nice article, exactly what I was looking for.

ways to grow a beard fast's picture

I blog frequently and I really thank you for your content.
This great article has really peaked my interest.

I'm going to bookmark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week.
I subscribed to your RSS feed too.

Danny's picture

You really make it seem really easy together with your presentation but I find this matter to be
really something which I believe I would never understand.

It seems too complicated and extremely large for me.
I'm looking forward for your next submit, I will attempt to get the
grasp of it!

Regan's picture

It's going to be finish of mine day, except before ending I
am reading this fantastic post to increase my experience.

osimi tower's picture

I used to be able to find good info from your
content.

www.rspelabuhan.com's picture

My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on a variety of websites
for about a year and am nervous about switching to
another platform. I have heard good things about blogengine.net.
Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?
Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Телеграм установить's picture

If you would like to take a good deal from this paragraph then you have to apply these strategies to your won weblog.

A link referencing Kruse blog's picture

My brother recommended I would possibly like this website.
He was totally right. This post truly made my day.

You can not imagine simply how so much time I had spent for this
information! Thank you!

hunt in Africa's picture

Hey! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several weeks of hard work due to no data backup.

Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

services's picture

Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I have read stuff from.
I appreciate you for posting when you've got the
opportunity, Guess I'll just bookmark this blog.

assignment's picture

May I simply say what a relief to discover someone that actually knows what they're talking about on the internet.

You certainly understand how to bring a problem to light and make it important.
A lot more people ought to read this and understand this side of your story.
It's surprising you're not more popular given that
you surely possess the gift.

Kavling Sunnah Purwakarta's picture

No matter if some one searches for his essential thing, therefore he/she
wants to be available that in detail, so that thing is maintained over here.

Long Island Internet Marketing's picture

I'll right away snatch your rss feed as I can not in finding your e-mail subscription hyperlink
or e-newsletter service. Do you've any? Please let me realize in order that
I could subscribe. Thanks.

Christmas's picture

Hi there to all, for the reason that I am
in fact eager of reading this weblog's post to be updated on a regular basis.

It consists of pleasant data.

Jason Kulpa San Diego's picture

I go to see day-to-day some blogs and information sites to read articles or reviews, except this blog provides feature based
posts.

reggaeton's picture

My spouse and I stumbled over here different website and thought I might as well check things out.
I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page for a second time.

Visit USGBC website (Kruse)'s picture

It's very simple to find out any topic on web as compared to textbooks, as I
found this post at this web page.

buy dirty panties's picture

Amazing issues here. I'm very glad to look your article.

Thanks a lot and I am taking a look ahead to contact you.
Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?

wind damage shingles insurance claims's picture

Nice respond in return of this issue with genuine arguments and describing all concerning that.

https://buyscplays.com's picture

Thanks for one's marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you are a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog
and definitely will come back in the future. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great
writing, have a nice holiday weekend!

live sbobet casino's picture

I have been browsing online more than 4 hours today,
yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site
owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more
useful than ever before.

Pages

Add new comment