Adventures in tinderbox 2

If you stumbled into this post first you may want to have a look over this previous post as we are building upon steps covered there.

So far we have got our world binaries built and these are the foundation of the environments we setup for testing our port builds. From here we create a tinderbox build. Within tinderbox a build refers to a combination of world binaries (the tinderbox jails we setup before) and a version of the ports files. It is probably a rare case but it would appear that you could setup a build using say netbsd pkgsrc system or similar, the most likely alternative to the official ports system would be an internal development branch of the ports source.

The first step is to setup the ports files to be used. A cvs checkout is shown in the docs and you could adjust the svn usage from yesterday if you have your own local svn repo (official ports are still in cvs at this point). The examples in the docs show a source checkout that is unique to your tinderbox setup. I think using the system installed ports will be enough for what I want and will bypass the confusion of three copies of the ports files. Personally I use portsnap to update my system ports tree and create or update a port there to test and develop it. Then I have a copy within my home folder that is an svn checkout from my redports account that I transfer changes to that I want to keep, and commit as desired from there. While my personal folder is just the ports I make changes to, I don't want a third copy just for test builds, so what I will use here is a user defined update method that will run portsnap anytime I want to update the ports tree. We have two options here, 1. create a portsTree with no update method leaving us to run portsnap manually as desired. 2. create a portsTree with a user update method. The first option is straight forward and acceptable for most but I want to look at option 2 here.

Reading the docs you may jump straight in and use a command like cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createPortsTree -p FreeBSD -u USER -m /usr/ports and get errors and no ports tree setup. The docs don't help here so I went digging through the scripts and found the answer. When you create a portstree with a user defined update method it looks for the update script when it is first setup. The solution is simple. If we are creating a portstree called FreeBSD then we create a file in tinderbox/portstrees/FreeBSD and call it and for this example I want it to run portsnap so I use the following contents - #!/bin/sh portsnap fetch update Then run the createPortsTree command with the -u USER option. Simple and a good basis of any custom update you want to setup. You could even use this to run portsnap and then merge files from your personal ports repo automatically. This setup script is run with the command ./tc updatePortsTree

You may also want to share your local distfiles with tinderbox. Pretty easy and the one setup is shared across all portstree configs -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc configDistfile -c /usr/ports/distfiles

Now that we have our jails and portsTree setup it is time for the build. Remember a tinderbox build is a combination of a specific jail and portsTree and is straight forward -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang"

The name I used there may raise a few questions but first lets consider what variations of builds we want to use.

The aim of using tinderbox is to test building under a variety of conditions, in this case primarily different system versions. To that end we started by creating 2 jails with different versions of world binaries, you may have extended that number and I encourage you to do so but I use two in these examples. From FreeBSD 9.0 we are moving away from a  dependency on gcc as the main compiler and now include clang within the base system. Being in the early transition of this is a bit awkward as not all ports build with the old gcc v4.2 that is included with base and not all ports build with clang either. Well ports changes need to be tested with each compiler so we may get a full ports build happening on any system install. One option we have is to specify what version of gcc is used to build our port. Easy till we get linking issues with something like boost installed with gcc42 and not linking with a gcc46 built port (that is my early guess and may not be the location of a solution). So anyway I am suggesting that a number of builds are setup to test building with clang as well as gcc. This will only apply to 9.0 and higher, 8.3 has just entered beta1 and doesn't appear to include clang. The other question you may have is that I only put clang in the name, how does it know to build with clang? It doesn't yet - that comes in a minute.

Well using the two jails we built yesterday lets setup the builds -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-gcc -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with gcc" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-clang -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-gcc -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with gcc"

Now we have four builds setup to test our ports in. As I suggested before you should also consider having at least an 8-STABLE jail setup and maybe even a 7-STABLE one as well if not more. As clang is not included in 7 or 8 there is no need to setup two builds for each, I would still use gcc in the build name though.

At this point you will find a few directories have been created. The first you will probably see is tinderbox/{BUILDNAME} so if your following along you will have four there corresponding to each build you setup. The next ones are inside tinderbox/builds and have the same names as the four we just looked at. The dirs inside builds contain a Makefile with all the package  dependencies and although you may think make.0 and make.1 are makefiles they are in fact logs containing the log of the last compile done, each port compile is run in two phases, and a more than likely empty duds file. The top level dirs are where all the work is done. For each port you make, tinderbox will extract the tarball found in the corresponding jail build and mount the various points needed for portstrees/distfiles/devfs/procfs. From that you can work out that each build starts up in a unique environment (it uses chroot) completely isolated for your test make. Each environment is cleaned up after each test make and the log files will include files left behind if you get your pkg-plist incorrect.

Now to configuring the compiler to use. When you first test making your port and look at a log file you may notice that the timestamp at the start is all wrong. That will be a wrong timezone setting and gets us close to the compiler settings. First lets set the timezone, so edit the file tinderbox/scripts/etc/env/GLOBAL and add the following line (adjusted to match your timezone of course)

export TZ=Australia/Adelaide

You can see that it uses a bash style environment setting. Within the same folder we want to create a config file for each build we setup using the name build.{BUILDNAME} and have it contain the CC options that we wish to use. Before you go thinking about copying all your /etc/make.conf settings consider the purpose of this - testing against a minimum system config to ensure your port is as compatible as possible. Those with a custom edited make.conf need to handle their own port build conflicts with the options they want to use. So here all we want to do is set the compiler to use. To make this easy let's make a script, I will put this inside tinderbox/scripts and lets call it

#!/bin/sh cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts/etc/env for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep clang` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=clang export CXX=clang++ export CPP=clang-cpp CCOPTIONS fi done for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep gcc` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=gcc export CXX=g++ export CPP=cpp CCOPTIONS fi done

Pretty straight forward if you know some shell scripting, if it's a bit beyond what you know it simply gets a list of dirs from within builds and outputs three lines to a corresponding config file for each one. The script won't touch files that already exist, so delete them if you want a clean slate or adjust if you want to add to existing files. The first loop uses grep to get clang named builds the second gcc. Is it overkill specifying gcc for the gcc builds - yep - but it keeps things consistent and also gets the CC setting output to the log file to remove any confusion when looking over them later, or more to the point when you get someone else to look over them for some help.

Now your all setup to use tinderbox to test your ports building. While the docs say you can do an adhoc build with just the tinderbuild command I find that not to be the case, the two command you use are

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc addPort -b 10-CURRENT-clang -d graphics/blender ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b 10-CURRENT-clang graphics/blender

The first time you build a port it may take a while - it will build each  dependency needed, basically running make package-recursive for your port. Next time it will just pkg_add each dependancy and build the port you ask it to. The -nullfs option is needed if you setup the nullfs mount for portstree as shown above (or maybe it is for distfiles?). This adds some more dirs for you as well.

tinderbox/packages/{BUILDNAME} will contain all the packages created by that build. You will find a folder for each category containing links to the corresponding package inside the All dir.

tinderbox/logs/{BUILDNAME} will contain log files of each port compiled for that build.

tinderbox/errors/{BUILDNAME} will contain copies of the log files that had errors - this is probably all your really interested in.

That's about all you need to get up and running with tinderbox. I think I will do one more post covering some housekeeping and other notes. To close off I'll show a script I use to automate running any number of ports inside every build you have configured, I save it in tinderbox/scripts and call it

#!/bin/sh ## auto build passed ports for every tinderbox build setup ## works on assumption that /usr/ports is used for tinderbox portstree ## to test that the portname is correct cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts if [ ! $# -gt 0 ] then echo "Usage: ${0##*/} [category/portname ...]" echo "Multiple ports can be listed - space separated list" exit 1 fi for TESTPORT in "$@" do if [ ! -e "/usr/ports/$TESTPORT" ] then echo "********************" echo " /usr/ports/$TESTPORT doesn't exist" echo "********************" else for BNAME in `ls ../builds` do echo "***** Building $TESTPORT" ./tc addPort -b $BNAME -d ${TESTPORT} ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b $BNAME ${TESTPORT} done fi done

So to make use of the script

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./ graphics/blender graphics/luxrender ports-mgmt/tinderbox

and it will go through and compile each port with every tinderbox build you have setup.

11286 comments's picture

It's very simple to find out any topic on web as compared to
books, as I found this article at this site.

xốp dán tường's picture

It's in fact very complex in this busy life to listen news on TV,
thus I simply use web for that reason, and get the most
up-to-date information.

microsoft office 2016 training's picture

Can I just say what a relief to discover a person that truly understands what they are discussing on the web.
You actually realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important.

A lot more people really need to check this out
and understand this side of your story. It's surprising you're not more popular since you certainly
have the gift.

Birthday Wishes for your Friends's picture

hello!,I like your writing so so much! proportion we keep
in touch extra about your post on AOL? I require an expert
on this space to solve my problem. Maybe that is
you! Having a look ahead to look you.

bang gia mercedes's picture

It is not my first time to visit this website, i am
browsing this site dailly and obtain fastidious facts from here all the time.

slot doi thuong game's picture

Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it
to my 4 year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She put the shell to her ear
and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to
tell someone!

พิธีแต่งงาน's picture

Greetings from Colorado! I'm bored at work so I decided to browse your site
on my iphone during lunch break. I really like the information you provide here and can't wait to take a look when I
get home. I'm shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my phone ..
I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great site!

These links point to carl-kruse's picture

Outstanding post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic?
I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a
little bit more. Bless you!

Teclast's picture

It is really a nice and useful piece of info. I am happy that you shared this helpful info with us.
Please keep us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

nude instagram models's picture

First off I want to say terrific blog! I had a quick
question that I'd like to ask if you don't mind. I was
curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your
head prior to writing. I've had a tough time clearing my mind in getting my
thoughts out. I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just
seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints?

Thank you!

iphone lightning splitter's picture

Because the admin of this website is working, no doubt very shortly it will be famous,
due to its feature contents.

brain teasers's picture

My relatives always say that I am killing my time here at web, however I know I am getting
familiarity every day by reading such good content.

Carrol's picture

Pretty great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted
to say that I've truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
After all I will be subscribing for your feed and I hope you write again soon!

slot doi thuong game's picture

I'm extremely impressed together with your writing talents as smartly as
with the structure for your weblog. Is that this a
paid subject matter or did you customize it yourself?

Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it's uncommon to look
a great weblog like this one nowadays..

moving company olympia wa's picture

I do consider all the ideas you have presented for your post.

They are very convincing and can definitely work.
Nonetheless, the posts are too quick for beginners.

May you please extend them a little from subsequent time?
Thank you for the post.

Funpaw's picture

What's up, every time i used to check blog posts here in the early hours in the
morning, because i like to find out more and more.'s picture

It's great that you are getting ideas from this
piece of writing as well as from our dialogue made
at this time.

Asia's picture

Thanks a lot for sharing this with all folks you actually recognize what you're speaking approximately!
Bookmarked. Kindly additionally visit my site =). We will have a hyperlink trade agreement between us

Mesin Pembuat Bakso's picture

I really like what you guys are usually up too.
Such clever work and coverage! Keep up the fantastic works guys I've added you guys
to blogroll.

e commerce website's picture

No matter if some one searches for his required thing, therefore he/she wants to be available that in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here.

Pennsylvania's picture

Good way of describing, and pleasant post to take
data on the topic of my presentation subject, which i am going to present in college.'s picture

Good post! We are linking to this great article on our
website. Keep up the great writing.

ecommerce for small business's picture

I was able to find good advice from your blog articles.

w88 thailand's picture

I have been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I
never found any interesting article like yours. It's pretty worth enough for me.
In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers
made good content as you did, the web will be much more useful than ever before.

windshield installation and repair's picture

Hey! Would you mind if I share your blog with my zynga
group? There's a lot of people that I think would really enjoy your content.
Please let me know. Cheers

Guide's picture

This is a topic which is close to my heart...
Cheers! Exactly where are your contact details though?

24 Metal Counter Height Stool's picture

Thank you, I've just been searching for info about this topic
for a long time and yours is the greatest I've came upon so far.
However, what concerning the bottom line? Are you certain concerning
the supply?

w88ap's picture

It is the best time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy.

I have read this submit and if I may I want to suggest you some attention-grabbing issues or
suggestions. Maybe you could write subsequent articles relating to this article.
I want to read more issues approximately it!

options trawding's picture

Superb post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic?
I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little
bit further. Cheers!

my 15 minute manifestation review honest truth's picture

These are really wonderful ideas in about blogging.
You have touched some good factors here. Any way keep up wrinting.

Wish Promo Code's picture

What i do not realize is in reality how you are now not really much more neatly-liked than you might be now.

You are very intelligent. You already know therefore significantly on the subject of this topic, produced
me personally believe it from so many numerous angles.
Its like men and women don't seem to be interested until it's something to accomplish
with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs great. Always handle it up!

product review's picture

What's up, everything is going fine here and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that's truly
fine, keep up writing.

do not buy 15 minute manifestation until you see this's picture

I am really impressed with your writing skills and also
with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did
you modify it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a great blog like this one these days.

home cleaning nairobi's picture

Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe that this site needs a lot more attention.
I'll probably be back again to see more, thanks for the advice!

nfl games today's picture

I think the admin of this site is in fact working hard
in favor of his web site, for the reason that here every material is quality based material.

Image Optimization Tips's picture

I am regular reader, how are you everybody?

This post posted at this site is really nice.

my 15 minute manifestation review honest truth's picture

Keep on working, great job!

office setup's picture

Hi there, just wanted to mention, I loved this post.

It was funny. Keep on posting!

webb county tax appraisal's picture

Thanks to my father who informed me about this webpage, this webpage is truly amazing.'s picture

My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was totally right.
This post actually made my day. You can not
imagine just how much time I had spent for this information!

free fertility spells's picture

Greetings, I believe your website could possibly be having web browser compatibility
issues. When I take a look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in I.E., it's got some overlapping issues.
I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up!

Apart from that, excellent website!

what is ecommerce website's picture

At this moment I am going away to do my breakfast,
after having my breakfast coming yet again to read other news.

pallet film's picture

Simply wish to say your article is as astonishing.
The clarity on your post is simply great and i can assume you're
knowledgeable on this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to grasp your feed
to stay up to date with coming near near post. Thanks
one million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

agen sbobet's picture

Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance
from an established blog. Is it very hard to set up your own blog?
I'm not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
I'm thinking about setting up my own but I'm not sure
where to start. Do you have any tips or suggestions?
Thank you

Best Outdoor Watches's picture

You have made some really good points there. I
looked on the internet for more information about the issue and found
most individuals will go along with your views on this
web site.

moving shipping's picture

That is a good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.

Short but very precise info... Thanks for sharing this one.
A must read post!

facebook social media marketing's picture

What's Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this
I have found It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads.
I'm hoping to give a contribution & aid other users like
its helped me. Great job.

bể bơi di động's picture

Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs I
stumbleupon everyday. It's always helpful to read content from other writers and practice something from their websites.

Coworking space south florida's picture

I don't know if it's just me or if perhaps everybody else experiencing problems with your site.
It appears like some of the written text within your posts are
running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening
to them too? This may be a problem with my browser because
I've had this happen before. Appreciate it

Bali sea Walker's picture

Thanks for a marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it,
you can be a great author.I will ensure
that I bookmark your blog and may come back at some point.
I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great work, have a nice


Add new comment