Adventures in tinderbox 2


If you stumbled into this post first you may want to have a look over this previous post as we are building upon steps covered there.

So far we have got our world binaries built and these are the foundation of the environments we setup for testing our port builds. From here we create a tinderbox build. Within tinderbox a build refers to a combination of world binaries (the tinderbox jails we setup before) and a version of the ports files. It is probably a rare case but it would appear that you could setup a build using say netbsd pkgsrc system or similar, the most likely alternative to the official ports system would be an internal development branch of the ports source.

The first step is to setup the ports files to be used. A cvs checkout is shown in the docs and you could adjust the svn usage from yesterday if you have your own local svn repo (official ports are still in cvs at this point). The examples in the docs show a source checkout that is unique to your tinderbox setup. I think using the system installed ports will be enough for what I want and will bypass the confusion of three copies of the ports files. Personally I use portsnap to update my system ports tree and create or update a port there to test and develop it. Then I have a copy within my home folder that is an svn checkout from my redports account that I transfer changes to that I want to keep, and commit as desired from there. While my personal folder is just the ports I make changes to, I don't want a third copy just for test builds, so what I will use here is a user defined update method that will run portsnap anytime I want to update the ports tree. We have two options here, 1. create a portsTree with no update method leaving us to run portsnap manually as desired. 2. create a portsTree with a user update method. The first option is straight forward and acceptable for most but I want to look at option 2 here.

Reading the docs you may jump straight in and use a command like cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createPortsTree -p FreeBSD -u USER -m /usr/ports and get errors and no ports tree setup. The docs don't help here so I went digging through the scripts and found the answer. When you create a portstree with a user defined update method it looks for the update script when it is first setup. The solution is simple. If we are creating a portstree called FreeBSD then we create a file in tinderbox/portstrees/FreeBSD and call it update.sh and for this example I want it to run portsnap so I use the following contents - #!/bin/sh portsnap fetch update Then run the createPortsTree command with the -u USER option. Simple and a good basis of any custom update you want to setup. You could even use this to run portsnap and then merge files from your personal ports repo automatically. This setup script is run with the command ./tc updatePortsTree

You may also want to share your local distfiles with tinderbox. Pretty easy and the one setup is shared across all portstree configs -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc configDistfile -c /usr/ports/distfiles

Now that we have our jails and portsTree setup it is time for the build. Remember a tinderbox build is a combination of a specific jail and portsTree and is straight forward -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang"

The name I used there may raise a few questions but first lets consider what variations of builds we want to use.

The aim of using tinderbox is to test building under a variety of conditions, in this case primarily different system versions. To that end we started by creating 2 jails with different versions of world binaries, you may have extended that number and I encourage you to do so but I use two in these examples. From FreeBSD 9.0 we are moving away from a  dependency on gcc as the main compiler and now include clang within the base system. Being in the early transition of this is a bit awkward as not all ports build with the old gcc v4.2 that is included with base and not all ports build with clang either. Well ports changes need to be tested with each compiler so we may get a full ports build happening on any system install. One option we have is to specify what version of gcc is used to build our port. Easy till we get linking issues with something like boost installed with gcc42 and not linking with a gcc46 built port (that is my early guess and may not be the location of a solution). So anyway I am suggesting that a number of builds are setup to test building with clang as well as gcc. This will only apply to 9.0 and higher, 8.3 has just entered beta1 and doesn't appear to include clang. The other question you may have is that I only put clang in the name, how does it know to build with clang? It doesn't yet - that comes in a minute.

Well using the two jails we built yesterday lets setup the builds -

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-clang -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 10-CURRENT-gcc -j 10-CURRENT -p FreeBSD -d "10-CURRENT building with gcc" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-clang -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with clang" ./tc createBuild -b 9-STABLE-gcc -j 9-STABLE -p FreeBSD -d "9-STABLE building with gcc"

Now we have four builds setup to test our ports in. As I suggested before you should also consider having at least an 8-STABLE jail setup and maybe even a 7-STABLE one as well if not more. As clang is not included in 7 or 8 there is no need to setup two builds for each, I would still use gcc in the build name though.

At this point you will find a few directories have been created. The first you will probably see is tinderbox/{BUILDNAME} so if your following along you will have four there corresponding to each build you setup. The next ones are inside tinderbox/builds and have the same names as the four we just looked at. The dirs inside builds contain a Makefile with all the package  dependencies and although you may think make.0 and make.1 are makefiles they are in fact logs containing the log of the last compile done, each port compile is run in two phases, and a more than likely empty duds file. The top level dirs are where all the work is done. For each port you make, tinderbox will extract the tarball found in the corresponding jail build and mount the various points needed for portstrees/distfiles/devfs/procfs. From that you can work out that each build starts up in a unique environment (it uses chroot) completely isolated for your test make. Each environment is cleaned up after each test make and the log files will include files left behind if you get your pkg-plist incorrect.

Now to configuring the compiler to use. When you first test making your port and look at a log file you may notice that the timestamp at the start is all wrong. That will be a wrong timezone setting and gets us close to the compiler settings. First lets set the timezone, so edit the file tinderbox/scripts/etc/env/GLOBAL and add the following line (adjusted to match your timezone of course)

export TZ=Australia/Adelaide

You can see that it uses a bash style environment setting. Within the same folder we want to create a config file for each build we setup using the name build.{BUILDNAME} and have it contain the CC options that we wish to use. Before you go thinking about copying all your /etc/make.conf settings consider the purpose of this - testing against a minimum system config to ensure your port is as compatible as possible. Those with a custom edited make.conf need to handle their own port build conflicts with the options they want to use. So here all we want to do is set the compiler to use. To make this easy let's make a script, I will put this inside tinderbox/scripts and lets call it gencompilerenvfiles.sh

#!/bin/sh cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts/etc/env for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep clang` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=clang export CXX=clang++ export CPP=clang-cpp CCOPTIONS fi done for BNAME in `ls ../../../builds | grep gcc` do if [ ! -e build.$BNAME ] then cat > build.$BNAME <<CCOPTIONS export CC=gcc export CXX=g++ export CPP=cpp CCOPTIONS fi done

Pretty straight forward if you know some shell scripting, if it's a bit beyond what you know it simply gets a list of dirs from within builds and outputs three lines to a corresponding config file for each one. The script won't touch files that already exist, so delete them if you want a clean slate or adjust if you want to add to existing files. The first loop uses grep to get clang named builds the second gcc. Is it overkill specifying gcc for the gcc builds - yep - but it keeps things consistent and also gets the CC setting output to the log file to remove any confusion when looking over them later, or more to the point when you get someone else to look over them for some help.

Now your all setup to use tinderbox to test your ports building. While the docs say you can do an adhoc build with just the tinderbuild command I find that not to be the case, the two command you use are

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./tc addPort -b 10-CURRENT-clang -d graphics/blender ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b 10-CURRENT-clang graphics/blender

The first time you build a port it may take a while - it will build each  dependency needed, basically running make package-recursive for your port. Next time it will just pkg_add each dependancy and build the port you ask it to. The -nullfs option is needed if you setup the nullfs mount for portstree as shown above (or maybe it is for distfiles?). This adds some more dirs for you as well.

tinderbox/packages/{BUILDNAME} will contain all the packages created by that build. You will find a folder for each category containing links to the corresponding package inside the All dir.

tinderbox/logs/{BUILDNAME} will contain log files of each port compiled for that build.

tinderbox/errors/{BUILDNAME} will contain copies of the log files that had errors - this is probably all your really interested in.

That's about all you need to get up and running with tinderbox. I think I will do one more post covering some housekeeping and other notes. To close off I'll show a script I use to automate running any number of ports inside every build you have configured, I save it in tinderbox/scripts and call it testbuilds.sh

#!/bin/sh ## auto build passed ports for every tinderbox build setup ## works on assumption that /usr/ports is used for tinderbox portstree ## to test that the portname is correct cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts if [ ! $# -gt 0 ] then echo "Usage: ${0##*/} [category/portname ...]" echo "Multiple ports can be listed - space separated list" exit 1 fi for TESTPORT in "$@" do if [ ! -e "/usr/ports/$TESTPORT" ] then echo "********************" echo " /usr/ports/$TESTPORT doesn't exist" echo "********************" else for BNAME in `ls ../builds` do echo "***** Building $TESTPORT" ./tc addPort -b $BNAME -d ${TESTPORT} ./tc tinderbuild -nullfs -b $BNAME ${TESTPORT} done fi done

So to make use of the script

cd /usr/local/tinderbox/scripts ./testbuilds.sh graphics/blender graphics/luxrender ports-mgmt/tinderbox

and it will go through and compile each port with every tinderbox build you have setup.


7878 comments

corex's picture

Amazing blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?

I'm planning to start my own website soon but I'm a little lost
on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free platform like
Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there
that I'm totally confused .. Any recommendations? Thank you!

manhattan property management's picture

I'm curious to find out what blog platform you're working with?
I'm having some minor security problems with my latest blog and I'd like to find
something more safe. Do you have any recommendations?

tamper evident tape's picture

I was wondering if you ever thought of changing the structure of your blog?
Its very well written; I love what youve got to say.
But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could
connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two images.
Maybe you could space it out better?

packaging supplies's picture

Unquestionably consider that that you said. Your favorite reason appeared to
be at the web the easiest thing to be mindful of. I say to you,
I certainly get annoyed at the same time as other people think
about worries that they plainly don't know about. You controlled to hit the nail
upon the highest as neatly as defined out the entire thing with no need side effect , other folks could take a signal.

Will likely be again to get more. Thank you

Lola bikini's picture

This site was... how do I say it? Relevant!! Finally I've found something which helped me.
Cheers!

double sided tape's picture

I visited multiple web pages however the audio quality for audio songs present at this
site is actually excellent.

Boomeon online networking for Boomers's picture

I do not even know how I ended up here, however I assumed this put up was good.
I don't recognise who you're however certainly
you are going to a famous blogger if you happen to aren't already.
Cheers!

corex's picture

I think this is among the most important info for me. And i am glad reading your article.
But want to remark on some general things, The web site style is
perfect, the articles is really great : D. Good job, cheers

corex's picture

Wow, amazing blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is
excellent, let alone the content!

high definition brows essex's picture

Hello all, here every person is sharing these experience, therefore it's good
to read this website, and I used to pay a quick visit this weblog all the time.

magazine template bundle's picture

Hey! I know this is somewhat off-topic but I had to
ask. Does managing a well-established blog such as yours take a massive amount work?
I am brand new to blogging but I do write in my diary daily.

I'd like to start a blog so I can share my personal experience and thoughts online.
Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips for brand new aspiring blog owners.
Thankyou!

affordable web design's picture

Normally I don't read article on blogs, however I would like to say that this write-up
very forced me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me.
Thank you, very great article.

nba christmas jerseys on sale's picture

Hey there, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your blog site in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping.

I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
Other then that, terrific blog!

healthy living's picture

Unquestionably consider that which you said. Your favourite justification appeared to be
on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of.
I say to you, I certainly get annoyed at the same time as other folks think about
worries that they plainly do not recognize about.
You managed to hit the nail upon the highest as neatly as defined out the whole thing with no need side effect , other folks could take a
signal. Will likely be again to get more. Thank you

Air Conditioning Repair Los Angeles's picture

you are actually a good webmaster. The web site loading speed is amazing.
It sort of feels that you are doing any unique trick. In addition, The contents
are masterwork. you've performed a magnificent task on this subject!

GUCCI LOGO PRINT WASHED T SHIRT's picture

Yes! Finally someone writes about GUCCI LOGO PRINT WASHED T
SHIRT.

AC Repair's picture

I have read a few good stuff here. Definitely worth bookmarking for
revisiting. I wonder how a lot effort you place to make the sort of
wonderful informative website.

cctv kits's picture

I every time emailed this website post page to all my contacts, because if like
to read it after that my contacts will too.

baby knee crawling pads's picture

Just wish to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is simply nice and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.
Thanks a million and please keep up the enjoyable work.

see post's picture

I am sure this paragraph has touched all the
internet users, its really really nice piece of writing on building up new blog.

advertising solutions web design's picture

Your mode of explaining everything in this post is genuinely nice, all can without difficulty understand it,
Thanks a lot.

crematorio de mascotas's picture

First off I want to say awesome blog! I had a quick
question in which I'd like to ask if you don't mind.

I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind prior to
writing. I have had trouble clearing my mind in getting my ideas out there.

I do take pleasure in writing but it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes tend to be
lost just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations or hints?
Many thanks!

Air Conditioning Repair Los Angeles's picture

This is the perfect webpage for everyone who wishes to find
out about this topic. You understand a whole lot its
almost hard to argue with you (not that I actually will need
to...HaHa). You definitely put a brand new spin on a topic which has been written about for
many years. Excellent stuff, just great!

buy essay online customer service's picture

These are truly great ideas in about blogging.
You have touched some nice factors here. Any way keep
up wrinting.

web page design's picture

Ridiculous quest there. What happened after? Take care!

perfectstormmoments.com's picture

Wow that was strange. I just wrote an very
long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn't show up.
Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Anyways,
just wanted to say superb blog!

floorprotection's picture

Chaque joueur peut telecharger une image de son choix pour lui servir d'avatar,
ce qui donne une touche personnelle a chaque desk avec une
multitude d'avatars differents.

Custom's picture

Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins
to safeguard against hackers? I'm kinda paranoid about
losing everything I've worked hard on. Any recommendations?

Los Angeles HVAC Contractors's picture

We stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I should check things out.
I like what I see so now i am following you.
Look forward to going over your web page repeatedly.

Recommended Reading's picture

Thanks for sharing such a good thought, article is fastidious, thats why i have read it entirely

ivanka mcdonagh Drink driving's picture

Excellent article. I am experiencing some of these
issues as well..

online sports betting's picture

I believe this is among the such a lot significant info for me.
And i'm happy reading your article. But want to statement
on few general issues, The website taste is wonderful, the articles is in point of fact great : D.
Excellent task, cheers

cctv kits's picture

Hi there, of course this post is in fact fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it regarding blogging.
thanks.

trendsosyal's picture

On 6 April 2010, the French parliament passed the resolution legalising on-line playing,
and the French playing authority, ARJEL (Autorite de Regulation des Jeux En Ligne), accredited
the poker corporations throughout June.

his explanation's picture

Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person's
webpage link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do same
for you.

stretch film's picture

Awesome! Its actually amazing post, I have got much clear idea regarding from
this post.

driving conditions's picture

Pretty! This was a really wonderful post. Thanks for providing these details.

award winning's picture

Asking questions are actually good thing if you are not understanding anything completely, except this post offers good understanding even.

voip's picture

Very nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted
to say that I have really loved browsing your weblog posts.
In any case I will be subscribing for your rss feed and
I'm hoping you write again very soon!

deblur photo's picture

Hi there, I enjoy reading all of your article.
I like to write a little comment to support you.

cheap custom design baseball jerseys's picture

If you desire to improve your familiarity only keep visiting this website and be
updated with the hottest information posted here.

baby boy knee pads for crawling's picture

Quality posts is the crucial to be a focus for the visitors to pay a visit
the web site, that's what this site is providing.

fire guard security's picture

If some one desires to be updated with most up-to-date technologies after that he
must be visit this web site and be up to date daily.

online sports betting's picture

I love it when folks get together and share ideas.
Great site, continue the good work!

Los Angeles Heating Repair's picture

Does your website have a contact page? I'm having a tough time locating
it but, I'd like to send you an e-mail. I've got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing.

Either way, great blog and I look forward to seeing it improve over time.

polythene's picture

Hi it's me, I am also visiting this website regularly, this site is
actually good and the people are genuinely sharing nice thoughts.

Prediksi Togel Sidney's picture

Good way of telling, and nice piece of writing to take information about
my presentation topic, which i am going to present
in school.

miami t shirts's picture

Wonderful site. Lots of useful information here.
I am sending it to several friends ans also sharing in delicious.
And naturally, thank you in your sweat!

imp source's picture

Hey there, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.
When I look at your blog in Opera, it looks fine but when opening in Internet
Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
Other then that, very good blog!

Appliance Repair's picture

I like the valuable info you supply in your articles.
I'll bookmark your weblog and check again right here frequently.
I'm moderately certain I will be informed plenty of new
stuff proper right here! Best of luck for the
following!

Pages

Add new comment